22 Apr 2015



READING.- Starting work

 If you are looking for work, the following sound advice could well help you.  A Personnel Officer who recruits young people for fashion shops all over the country has pun into words some of the things that cause problems for young staff:
(Sound advice =  good advice, trustworthy or sensible advice.)

Here you are the following headlines, each of them belongs to one of the eleven paragraphs below, match paragraph and headline in the correct way.

-  Later, make a list of dependent prepositions and phrasal verbs which appear in the paragraphs.

A.- New friend

B.- Trade Unions

C.- Time keeping

D.- Answering the telephone

E.- Learn to budget

F.- Use your initiative

G.- Sickness

H.- What to wear

I.- Ask questions

J.- Holidays

K.- Longer hours

1.-  Don’t be afraid to ask questions.  But be aware of when you’re being a pest.  Sometimes people carry on doing something the wrong way because they don’t want to appear thick.  But obviously you must ask if you’re not sure what you’re doing.  However it might be better to ask a colleague rather than bother the manager.  Or save up your questions and ask them all at once, perhaps after half an hour.

2.-  Be prepared for  longer hours and to work late if needed.  We work a six day week with a day off during the week.  This means we can’t have conventional weekends often and we sometimes work bank holidays.  But a lot of people enjoy having time off during the week, when others are working.

3.-  If you can see a job that needs doing, like shelves that need tidying or stock replacing, don’t wait to be told.  You’ll create the right impression if you do it off your own bat.

4.-  Grooming is important for us because we have to project a fashion image.  Girls straight from school often come in with-out make-up and it looks like they’ve just got out of bed.  Make an effort to dress appropriately for the job.  Your employer will appreciate it.

5.-  People are often petrified of the phone work, even if they have one at home.  Practice is the best way to get over your fear and always make notes.   Jot down who’s calling, the time of the call, who they want to speak to and any message.

6.-  At school you stayed home when you were sick and took a note when you went back.  At work your job may have to be covered while you’re away.  So phone in by 10 a.m. to say what’s wrong and how long you’d expect to be off.

7.-  Ask how many days you’ll be entitled to either at the interview or during the first week.  Never book a holiday without making sure the dates are convenient for everyone else. 

8.-  Getting to know people outside work will help relationships in work.  So join the social club if there is one.  If your department has a night at the pub, try to join them- at least occasionally.   No one will mind if you just have one drink and leave early.

9.-  Some jobs will require  you join a union as soon as you start work.  Others may give you the option.  If membership isn’t compulsory, you may like to wait a week or two and make up your mind when you’ve talked to other people. 

10.-  You’ll probably have to travel further to get to work and may have to get up earlier.   Try and arrive a few minutes ahead of time so you’ll be ready to start at 9 o’clock.  And don’t overdo the social life for your first few weeks.  A new job can be exhausting, so make sure you get a few early nights.

11.-  Sit down with a pen and paper and write down how much you earn and how much you spend.  Find out when to expect your first pay cheque.  If you’re paid monthly you will have to finance yourself till then.  Some companies will advance you a loan.  Otherwise seek help from parents or your bank who may grant you loan facilities depending on the circumstances.

Source:  UNED Advanced English.  Students’ textbook (vol. I) 
Mª Teresa Gibert and Mª Antonia Álvarez


 Try this listening to see if you understand quite well.

16 Apr 2015


Hi my dear Classmates,

This Evening I'm going to make a speech about my daily work:  Music. 
As you can imagine, Music isn´t only an art. It goes further. In my own case, music is a lifestyle. Generally, a performer or musician must make various works for keeping a "musical fitness". We constantly have to study, listening to all kinds of music, although preferably we listen to classical music, that it´s the root and the grounds for the rest. If your wish is being an exceptional musician, you must work hard everyday without exception, even at birthday parties, even if it is yours, your couple's, your best friend's party,...You have to get better at music although you are invited to the wedding of your cousin or some similar celebrations. That is, there aren´t excuses to not improve, study or rehearse each day. Usually, we are displayed ahead of tens of people who look at us, listen to us, assess us, analyse us and even they pay to see how we play an instrument, so we have a concrete compromise and responsibility with those people who always hope our best version. In this sense, we permanently have to get a bigger knowledge, not only musical, and complement it with different subjects related to music, such as society, philosophy, ethics, and take profit of all these conditions to become a great musician and a good person, in all the aspects. 

I know that it´s very sacrificed, expensive, sometimes frustrating, but I assure you that you always obtain an amazing recompense to carry on rising in your life.

P.D.1: Next, I invite you to listen to this marvelous piece by one of my favourite composers and later, I would like to know what you have felt after listening to it.

P.D.2: This video is too longer to watch it at class, but I consider that´s very interesting for all my partners, mainly, for those people who don´t listen to music or don´t get a place for it in their lives:

Multiple questions:

Do you listen to music?
If your answer was "Yes", What kind of music inspire you?
What do you feel when you listen to it?
Could you maintain the lifestyle that appears in the writting?
Do you consider music like an out-of-school subject or to the contrary do you think that its study is essential in our lives?
What is your opinion about Classical music?
Have you even gone to a live concert?
Do you play or have played some instrument?
Would do you like to play some of them?
We are going to talk about it.

"El Carnaval del Arlequín", de Joan Miró.

15 Apr 2015


Can I see Mr…?
Will you call Mr…?
Wait a moment.
Could you wait a moment, please?
How do you do?
Nice to meet you!
Pleased to meet you!  We’ve talked on the phone so many times.
Good to meet you!
I’m delighted to meet you.
It’s very good to meet you.
Which part of France are you from?
And what about the people?
How long are you going to be here?
Is this your first visit to Zaragoza?
Have you ever been to Zaragoza before?
How was the flight?
Where are you staying?
Are you planning to stay here long?
Are you planning to go sightseeing?
Take a seat, please.
Would you like to take a seat, please?

Figures, percentages, years, time, schedules…
In English it is important to remember:
-  Thousands take a comma (,)   3,897    2,600
-  Decimals take a dot (.) on the left.  0.75   point seventy-five    5.80  five point eighty.

The profit was three million last year.
The interest rate was three point eight.
The repair service is fifty-five pounds and forty pence.
The percentage is point five.
May I take your coat?
May I help you?
May I offer you something?
May I offer you something to drink?
How about a cup of tea while you wait?
Would you like a cup of coffee?
Can I get you something?
What would you like to have?
How about a cup of coffee?

I’d be grateful…
I would appreciate it if you could…
I’d like to request …
I’d like to know…
I’d like you to attend a meeting in Brussels next Monday.  Is that all right with you?
Could you check your diary?  Are you free on Thursday next week?
Could you fax me the information about the …?
Would it be possible to…?
Could you tell me if…?
I’d like to cancel the Purchase Order I signed this morning.  Would that be possible?
I’d like you to join Mr… for a meeting.  Would it be possible?
We would be gad if you could inform us about…
I’m interested in finding out more details about…
Please send me a catalogue and a price list and state what discount you allow for large orders.
Contact me as soon as possible after you receive…
Take a look at the … and tell us what you think.
Let us know if you can…
Please inform the Sales Department that…
Please check your…


  • Do you think it is more important to make a lot of money or to enjoy your job?
  • Do you think women are good bosses?  Are there women bosses in your country?
  • Do you think your company is well run?
  • Have you ever been promoted?
  • Have you ever taken any courses that specifically help you with the job you are doing now?
  • Do you think that working conditions have improved? If so, in what ways?
  • How long do you plan to continue working where you are?
  • How long have you been working at your present job?
  • How much do you think a doctor should be paid a month?
  • How about a secretary?
  • How about a truck driver?
  • What do you think about salaries?

Source:  http://iteslj.org/questions/jobs.html

A bored weekend

The last weekend I was studying. It wasn't a funny weekend.
I will travel to Madrid in April and it makes me happy.
Sorry for my short composition.